The humble carrot is rarely described as eye catching. True, it has its glowing orange roots but that's where the color show stops, right? Wrong! Carrots are in fact immensely colorful, with plenty of varieties in alternative hues including white, yellow, red and purple. Served up together, perhaps grated into a salad, carrots can add a dazzling rainbow of tones that will please the eye as much as the tummy.
Curiously, orange carrots are a relatively recent phenomenon, apparently bred by loyal subjects of the Dutch House of Orange in the 16th or 17th century. Yet the orange roots that are now so familiar also happen to be juicier and fuller flavoured than wild carrots, suggesting that breeding efforts may have had more to do with improving the once skinny taproot's kitchen worthiness than sucking up to the latest monarch!
However the orange carrot came about, it is now so much of a staple that picturing roots in any other colour takes a leap of the imagination. Just feast your eyes on the accompanying photos and you'll appreciate there is indeed a rainbow of roots to be grown.
Different colours of carrot originate from different parts of the world. Each colour has its own history and particular health benefits for us as root-snaffling connoisseurs. Purple carrots, for example, hail from the Middle East and Turkey and are rich in anthocyanins which are known to guard against heart disease. Red carrots originate from China and India. Chock full of lycopene, these roots can reduce the risk of macular degeneration, so while they may not help you see in the dark they're certainly good news for eye health.
Carrots that are yellow originate from the Middle East and are just as good for the eyes. They contain lutene and xanthophylls that minimise the risk of hardening of the arteries while potentially preventing lung and other cancers. The take-home message of all this is that colored carrots are intensely good for you and by growing a mixture of varieties you'll be increasing the odds of keeping yourself in exceptionally fine fettle.
Sowing and Growing Colorful Carrots
Wild carrots have long taproots designed to seek out moisture far underground. This makes sense given the often dry parts of the world it's found in. It is for this reason that carrots prefer to be sown into warm soil, making them ideal for sowing in succession every few weeks from spring well into summer. Carrots prefer light soil and a warm, sunny position. Avoid stony ground which will cause the roots to fork or take on all manner of weird and wonderful shapes.
Sow seeds into well-prepared soil that has been raked to a fine, crumbly texture. Thinly scatter the seeds into rows 20-30cm (8-12in) apart, setting them 2cm (1in) deep. Carrots also make excellent container crops where pests such as carrot fly won't get the chance to interfere.
Once the seedlings pop up remove weaker specimens by nipping them off between finger and thumb at ground level or by pulling them out on a still day (to avoid the smell attracting carrot fly). Thinning can be completed in stages until individual plants are at least 5cm (2in) apart. Keep plants watered as they establish.
Varieties to Try
It is worth digging around, so to speak, for the varieties of colorful carrots available in your region. Just like tomatoes there are literally hundreds of different shades and shapes to try if you're devoted enough to look for them.
My hands-down favorite is the shockingly deep-coloured 'Purple Haze' whose purple outer reveals a rich, orange core when cut open. Eat it raw to appreciate the immense flavor these chunky roots have to offer. Contrast 'Purple Haze' with the almost glow-in-the-dark 'Yellowstone', whose smooth-skinned roots are exceptionally sweet. Scarlet 'Red Samurai' from Japan hides a deep pink flesh, while 'White Satin' is a good option for its ghost-like roots. If you can't find any of these varieties look out for others such as 'Purple Dragon', 'Solar Yellow', 'Belgium White' and 'Atomic Red' – the clue to the root color lies in the name!
If you haven't got the space or time to sow several different varieties separately, try one of the carrot mixes which give a range of skin and flesh colors. Mixes include 'Rainbow', 'Cosmic Color' and 'Harlequin'. Most mixes tend to lack the really deep colors, so you may want to add a purple variety into the mix for good measure.
Colorful carrots are great fun to grow and it's always a treat to watch the faces of the uninitiated squint with surprise when they see them for the first time. I'd be interested to find out what your favorite colored carrot varieties are. Share them in the comments section below and let's start a colorful conversation.
By Benedict Vanheems.
Photos courtesy of: Suttons Seeds, Thompson & Morgan