Crop Rotation Group
Fertile, well-drained soil enriched with compost.
Full sun to partial shade.
Yes, hollyhocks are hardy biennials or short-lived perennials. Plants are hardy to about 0°F (-18°C). New seedlings that come up in spring easily survive late freezes.
Mulch over the plants’ root zones with rich compost just as new growth emerges in spring. Drench plants with a liquid fertilizer when they begin to grow tall, and again three weeks later. Regular feeding will extend the bloom time of hollyhocks.
Single Plants: 11" (30cm) each way (minimum)
Rows: 11" (30cm) with 11" (30cm) row gap (minimum)
Sow and Plant
The easiest way to get a start with this reseeding biennial is to sow seeds where you want the plants to grow in early spring or late summer. Young hollyhocks can be transplanted, but they often grow best from seed. Depending on climate and hollyhock variety, plants may be annual, biennial or perennial. The natural life cycle of hollyhock is to sprout in late summer, grow into a winter-hardy green rosette, and bloom the following summer. Plants started in early spring may bloom their first year. Young plants need water when they are actively growing. A surface mulch suppresses weeds while making the plants look more attractive.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.
Hollyhocks grow to 6 feet (1.8 m) tall, so plan to stake them if you live in a windy area. Single-flowered varieties are more weather resilient that doubles because single blossoms shed rain. When well pleased with their site, hollyhocks reseed for many years, with new seedlings appearing in fall and spring. Comparatively compact French hollyhocks are easy to grow as reseeding annuals. They are the best hollyhocks for containers.
Gather stems for use in cut arrangements as you need them, when at least half of the flowers on a stem are open. Cutting old blossoms will stimulate modest reblooming. Allow a few spikes to stay on the plants until they shed mature seeds.
Slugs, snails, and Japanese beetles like the leaves of hollyhocks, but the most widespread problem is a fungal disease called rust, evidenced by orange-brown deposits on leaf undersides. Several varieties offer good genetic resistance.
Planting and Harvesting Calendar
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