Lemon Verbena Growing Guide

Aloysia citrodora

Lemon Verbena

Crop Rotation Group



High quality organic potting soil.


Full sun to partial afternoon shade.

Frost tolerant

Lemon verbena is a tender perennial; its roots should not be allowed to freeze. In most climates, it is best grown in a container that can be kept in a cool (but not freezing) place through winter, the plant’s dormant season.


Fertilise with an organic water soluble fertiliser every two weeks from spring to fall, when the plant is actively growing in a container. Feeding is not generally needed for plants grown in beds in semi-tropical climates.


Use this 3-foot (90 cm) tall herb as a movable accent in your summer herb garden.


Single Plants: 35cm (1' 1") each way (minimum)
Rows: 30cm (11") with 45cm (1' 5") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Start with a purchased plant, or obtain a stem tip cutting from a friend and root it in late spring. Lemon verbena cuttings and divisions are best taken when plants are emerging from dormancy in late spring. Lemon verbena is typically grown as a specimen plant in a container at least 30 cm (12in) in diameter. A mature plant, grown in a sunken container, will occupy a space 45 cm (18in) square if well staked but still expect lanky growth that responds well to monthly trimming.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Lemon verbena is the most "lemony" of all lemon foliage herbs. Locate it where leaves can be conveniently picked, crushed and sniffed.


Gather sprigs as desired. Smelling lemon verbena is a special delight of summer best captured in teas. Dry perfect leaves in small bunches, and store them in airtight containers. This is a fragrance herb to delight your sense of smell and can be used in flower arrangements.


Repot plants in spring, gradually moving to slightly larger pots. In summer, sink the pot into the ground to protect it from overheating and drying out on hot days.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Lemon Verbena